Aquarium, Chemistry, Control, Filtration, Lighting, Water Movement

Know Your Saltwater Aquarium Equipment

A saltwater tank is fantastic once you have all the necessary stuff to have a fully functional system. If you are a person starting a saltwater aquarium for the first, there is a lot to learn. If you already have some experience about a reef system, you know there is still more to tell about your reef system. Know your saltwater aquarium equipment will provide some insights into the necessary equipment you must have to maintain a healthy and prosperous ecosystem.

Aquarium Lighting

Your aquarium lighting becomes the source of light for the corals and fish. Replacing the natural sunlight is not easy, so you must select the best lighting for your aquarium. The type of light you choose should depend on what you have in your tank. The more live organism inside the aquarium, the better light source is necessary. There are plenty of options available and if you are uncertain which to buy, visit your pet store or go online to get advice.


Aquaillumination provides excellent light fixtures for reefing aquariums. The lights can be attached to the tank with an arm, or hang above the tank. The size of your tank will determine how many lights are required. With a smaller tank, one is enough but larger ones need two or more. Aquaillumination has three categories: Hydra FiftyTwo, Hydra TwentySix, and Prime.


Maxspect lights have integrated technology so that you can control it from your phone or any device wirelessly. The light also has a fan incorporated to control the temperature. It also has the option for you to control the color scheme. So, if you prefer color to show off your aquarium, you can select it and enjoy the view.

Other options

There are plenty of alternatives to select from that will provide your aquarium with the light it will need. The others lighting options are Giesemann, Ecotech Marine, Fluval, Finnex, Kessi, and ATI Aquaristik. What you will find in common with all these fixtures is they are all costly. There is no way of getting around the cost.


Maintaining a stable environment for your aquarium is essential for the fish and coral survival. So, you should have this equipment so that the water remains pristine and with stable parameters. By having and using all the equipment, you can detect and deal with any problems as they arise instead of it being too late. Make sure you have a hydrometer, thermometer, and test kit.


A hydrometer is used to test the relative density of the water. Saltwater should have a specific gravity of 1.025. By checking the water, you can determine if the thickness is too high, too slow, or okay. The result will help you to decide what actions are necessary or if any is needed. A refractometer is similar to the hydrometer. So, if you prefer a refractometer, you will get the same result.


With a thermometer, you can measure the temperature of the aquarium water. Any change in temperature can create havoc in the aquarium. You must maintain the same temperature at all times to avoid any disruption in the ecosystem.

Test Kit

Getting rid of any chemicals in the aquarium water should be a priority. So, how do you determine what chemicals are at a high concentration and which are at a low? You can find out by testing the water regularly for ammonia, nitrates, nitrites, and calcium. You should also check for the pH, phosphates, and copper as well. Most test kits will allow you to test for most of these harmful chemicals. The kit can be pretty inexpensive and self-explanatory on how to use. The less complicated ones come as a stripe you dip in the water and after a short time display different color codes for each chemical. You are now able to treat the water to rid of these harmful chemicals.

Water Movement

You may be thinking and asking yourself, what does water movement has to do with a saltwater aquarium? Well, remember you have living organisms in your aquarium that does not move; for example, your corals and plants. To provide the necessary food, create water movement so that food can get to the organisms and waste being moved away and filtered out. So, you can have water movement by using three equipment: pumps, powerheads, and wave makers.


A pump will circulate the water in and out of the tank. Mostly, a pump is attached to the sump or filter and then flow back into the main tank. It is one way to move waste and particles outside the aquarium. Also, it will reduce chemicals, like ammonia, to build up after some time in the tank. When selecting the pump, look at the gallons per hour (GPH) which correlates to the flow rate. You can have your pump inside the tank or outside.


Powerheads are not as durable as pumps nor are they found outside the tank. The reason for powerheads is to create water movement and in turn redirect food and nutrients in the aquarium. A powerhead is not that costly, so getting it should be a priority.

Wave Makers

To create a wave-like motion, a wavemaker is the closest you will get. Water does not move or flow in a straight line. So, by creating a rhythmic flow by the wavemaker, you will have a more natural effect on the corals and fish. Wavemakers, like powerheads, are not expensive. You can choose between either product, and there is no need to have both unless you have a large tank.

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