Chemistry, Control, Water Movement

Mixing Your Saltwater For the Saltwater Fish Tank

A saltwater aquarium is a thing of beauty. You can sit and look at your fish and coral all day. The challenge comes when it is time to maintain your aquarium. One of the problems you are likely to face is to keep your water from all the chemicals that will arise. So, this article will provide information on how to make saltwater by mixing sea salt and water. Now, you have the option of consuming saltwater solutions which can be expensive or make it yourself. Making it by yourself will be cheaper, and once you get the handle of doing so, you can do it when you need to add water to your tank.

Getting the Supplies

There are a few supplies you must purchase to create your saltwater. It is best to have them all before you commence this project. You must buy the sea salt mix, submersible aquarium heater, a powerhead, refractometer or hydrometer, floating thermometer, and a large container. You can purchase these supplies at a pet shop or online. In regards to the water, you can use purified water or topwater. If you decide to use the water from the faucet, you must purchase an aqua cleanse to remove the chlorine and chloramine found in the water. Once you have all your necessary supplies, it is time to mix the ingredients.

Mixing the Ingredients

Start by cleaning the container you will use to combine the salt mix and the water. Rinse the container to remove any substance. Do not use any detergent in the cleaning process. When you are finished cleaning the container, fill it with water. Do not put more than the tank can hold. Keep in mind the salt mix will increase the volume of the water, so leave some space from the top of the container. Also, you will have other products in the aquarium that will take up space.

Place the powerhead, heater, and thermometer into the water. Record the water temperature. The water temperature must be between 72-80 ℉ if your tank has only fish and 75-78 ℉ if your tank has corals. Position the powerhead to maximize the gas exchange in the water. Now you can slowly add the sea salt mix to the water. After adding a few clumps of sea salt, stir to dissolve the salt and then test the salinity with the refractometer. The salinity/specific gravity level should be 1.020 to 1.024. If the measured concentration is below the 1.020, add more sea salt. If it is above 1.024, add water to dilute the solution.

Once you attained the desired salinity, let the water sit for 24 hours. Leave the powerhead inside to continue with the gas exchange. Also, leave the thermometer until you get the necessary temperature. Once the 24 hours passed, recheck the salinity and water temperature before you pour the water into the tank. If any adjustment is required, do it to get to the desired temperature and salinity. Now you can gently pour the water into the aquarium. Remember, any change can harm your fish and coral.

Adding Your Fish

Now that you created the saltwater and poured it into the tank, you can now add your fish to the aquarium. If you are not sure whether to add the fish, you can leave the water in the tank for a few hours. You can add the fish and monitor their activity. Once you performed all the necessary steps to mix the sea salt and water, then test the salinity and temperature to get the correct reading, your fish and coral will strive well until it is time to treat the water again. If you prefer to mix a large quantity of sea salt and water, you should store it away and test it again before using. Make the proper adjustment if necessary after testing before using it.

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