Aquarium, Filtration, Lighting

The Best Saltwater Tank for a Beginner

If you had a freshwater aquarium and now you want to upgrade to a saltwater aquarium, this guide will help you decide if the change is for you. Saltwater aquariums are beautiful with the glow of the light and the bright colors on display. However, a lot is happening, and the maintenance is more when compared to freshwater. Nevertheless, with the proper treatment and care, you can have a striving eco-system on display.

Start With a Mid-Range Tank

What is a mid-range tank or what would be considered a mid-range tank? With saltwater aquariums, you will find “mini” or “nano” aquariums with up to 28 gallons capacity. These types of aquariums are not beginners friendly because they require a rigorous routine for maintenance. Since the water capacitor is lower, waste built-up will be more rapid when compared to a mid-range or larger aquarium.

Mid-range can be any tank from 40 to 70 gallons capacity. You must still maintain regular treatment and test regularly for ammonia, nitrate, and nitrite buildup in the water but not as frequent as for a mini or nano aquariums. Also, with a mid-range saltwater aquarium, your fish and coral will have enough space.

Keep in mind what you put in your aquarium will also help to determine your tank size. As a beginner, you want to start putting different things inside but be careful. You don’t want to overdo it and end up losing a lot of money.

What You Will Get With a Mid-Range Tank

If possible, try and get a unit with all the necessary parts you will need. Doing so can save you a lot of money in the long run. Your aquarium unit should come with a filter, light, and stand if possible. Sometimes, it is difficult to find a stand that may fit perfectly for a tank. Also, some aquarium unit does not come with a protein skimmer, so must purchase one separately.


Filtration will help to eliminate excessive waste and keep a balance in the water. So, filters are essential for the survival of the fish and coral in the aquarium.  There are two types of filters you may consider to use, inside the tank filters or outside hanging filters; either will do the job. However, saltwater aquarium owners prefer the outside canisters. Having a filter outside will provide more space inside the tank for the fish. Once you start looking you find a variety of filters to choose from.


The lighting will create an everlasting beauty for your aquarium. The LED light has a different coloration, and most can adjust to provide the aquarium the most natural light possible. Again, like filtration, you will find a variety of options. Select the one that will give the best view for your fish and reef. You can have it hanging over the tank or attached to an elbow and anchored to the side of the aquarium.

What You May Need to Purchase

A protein skimmer is something you must consider getting. What is a protein skimmer? A protein skimmer, typically round cylinder, uses air to create foam to clean the aquarium water. It has smaller inlets and outlets for the water flow. At the top, it has a cup-like a device to collect waste that can be removed after some time. Skimmers are made for different aquarium size, so make sure you get one that corresponds to the gallons of your aquarium.

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